What Factors Can Affect My Fertility?

Fertility is a complex and multifaceted aspect of human health that can be influenced by a variety of factors. While some aspects of fertility are beyond our control, there are several elements that we can manage to support our reproductive health. In this blog, we’ll explore the key factors that can affect fertility and provide insights on how to navigate them.


Age is one of the most significant factors influencing fertility. Both men and women experience a decline in fertility as they get older. For women, the decline in fertility becomes more pronounced after the age of 35, with a significant drop after 40.

This is due to a decrease in the quantity and quality of a woman’s eggs over time. For men, while the decline in fertility is more gradual, it still becomes notable after the age of 40. Therefore, it’s essential for individuals and couples to be mindful of their reproductive timeline.

Nutrition & Weight

Maintaining a balanced diet and a healthy body weight is crucial for fertility. Being either overweight or underweight can disrupt hormone balance, affecting ovulation in women and sperm production in men.


Regular, moderate exercise is beneficial for overall health, but excessive and intense exercise can lead to irregular menstrual cycles in women and reduced sperm quality in men.

Smoking, Alcohol & Substance Use

Tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use can all negatively impact fertility for both men and women. It’s advisable to avoid these substances when trying to conceive.

Certain medical conditions can impact fertility. These may include:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

A common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age, PCOS can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and ovulatory dysfunction.


This condition occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. It can lead to pain and fertility problems.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Untreated STIs can cause inflammation and scarring in the reproductive organs, leading to fertility issues.

Timing and Frequency of Intercourse

Understanding a woman’s menstrual cycle and timing intercourse accordingly can significantly increase the chances of conception. Additionally, trying to conceive too frequently or infrequently can impact fertility.

Seeking Professional Help

If you’ve been trying to conceive without success for a prolonged period, it’s advisable to seek professional advice. A fertility clinic can conduct tests and provide guidance tailored to your specific situation.

In conclusion, fertility is influenced by a range of factors, some of which are within our control. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and seeking professional help when needed, individuals and couples can optimise their chances of achieving a successful pregnancy. Remember, every person’s journey is unique, and there is support available for those navigating the path to parenthood.

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